If I can change F1 racing, what will it be?

Formula 1. Open-wheel, open-cockpit, single-seat, 4 wheels racing sports car. Presenting the best, the fastest motor (internal combustion engine) car racing in the world. But, is it exciting?

Right now, the race is mostly decided by qualifying or the first corner of the race. You can ask Las Vegas, how exciting F1 has become. Overtaking is almost non-existence. Travelling at 300+kph, how does the driver overtake each other without taking a risk? If the driver took a risk, it will be determined as unsafe manoeuvre. A penalty will ensure that the driver will not gain anything from it. Only if the driver decides to provide some entertainment and excitement to the spectator but gets reprimanded by his team or the race stewards (referees), will he do so. Knowing well that he will probably get penalised for doing it. So, to overtake in F1 racing, the car in front has to give way or the car behind can only do so in a straight line. Exciting, isn’t it? Drivers know that driving at such speed is risky and dangerous. Doing it while trying to beat the others, supposed to be most risky, dangerous and exciting. Instead, it becomes most easy. As long as you are in front, you can just cruise along. The car behind would push you but not overtake you. He knows that by overtaking the car in front, he risked being ruled as unsafe and get penalised. Spectators are looking for excitement, racing moments, cars and drivers risking their lives to be at the front. However, F1 does not agree. F1 thinks that racing is supposed to be safe. Drivers cannot be clever and outmanoeuvre each other by risking their life or the car. This is not fair racing in F1. I think, right now, racing is not the focus of F1 anymore. Sometimes, qualifying is more exciting, where drivers race against time instead of each other. The performances and events before the race are more exciting. The partying, concerts or events hosted by the teams. These are more exciting than the race.

Do F1 need to change? If F1 is making money, do it need to change? If so, how to make racing exciting?

These are some of the crazy suggestions I hope F1 can become :

  • Car width limit will depend on track width.
    Example. For all the race tracks, the car width will not be larger than 0.4x of the narrowest point in the track. For straight, the car width will not be larger than 0.3x of the straight track. Example, if the car width is 200cm, the race track narrowest point (include corners) is 500cm, the straight line of the track is at least 670cm wide. This is to ensure enough space for overtaking on all areas of all tracks.
  • Car height not higher than 100cm and length with no longer than 400cm.
  • Car operational empty weight limit (without fuel and driver only) not lighter than 700kg.
  • Open cockpit racing, driver’s view must be open. No block of driver’s view for at least 200degree. Current Halo design will not do it. Need to come out with something else.
  • All drivers must have a direct view of the start lights during the starting line-up.
  • No limit of fuel tank size.
  • No limit to engine size and performance.
  • Theoretical speed limit set at 400km per hour.
  • The engine must be mounted at the rear for safety reason.
  • The car must be proved to be crashworthy with maximum protection for the driver.
  • Cars must have an automatic fire extinguishing system mounted in the engine compartment.
  • Driver must be able to come out of the cockpit easily. Or removed from the cockpit easily.
  • No moving car body parts on the car. Current, DRS system will not do it.
  • Tire used by the team must be commercially available or used in other racing events, eg. F2, Formula E, W Series or IndyCar etc. A team can choose which tire manufacturer and types of tire use before the start of the season. Each team are restricted to 10 sets of tires for the entire race event week. They are free to determine which, when, what type of tire to use during the entire week. They need to submit the request one day before the first practice session. Once the tires are issued to the teams, the teams will be free to use any of the tires for the week, including race day. In the event of sudden severe weather change, the team can ask for 1 additional set of severe weather tire per day.
  • As an internal combustion engine racing car, teams can choose which type and grade of fuel for their car. Example, Petrol, Diesel, CNG, LPG etc. and their different grades. However, the team must submit their request 3 months before the season starts. They cannot choose which brand of fuel.
  • All fuel supplies are by the local racing venue. Therefore, the fuel type and grade must be available in each race country/venue. The type and grade of fuel chosen by each team’s car must be available on all racing venues. F1 may survey and give a list to all teams for them to choose, at least 9 months before the season starts. This is for engine development.
  • Fuel used by the entire event is controlled. Based on the car fuel efficiency of 3km per litre/kilogram. The fuel quantity for race day is total race distance/3. Example, total racing distance is 330km, fuel issued will be 110litres or 110kg. Practice + qualifying = race fuel quantity * 1.5 = 165 litres or 165kg.
    Racing fuel will be issued to each team at race start time – 3 hours. Practice and qualifying fuel will be issued at least 2 hours before the first practice session.
  • After qualifying, all car’s fuel tank will be emptied and weigh. No changes on the car allowed after qualifying session are over or qualifying time to expire. Example, any adjustment or tire changes etc. must be carried out during the qualifying session time. This applies to all teams regardless of the final qualifying position. Unfinished changes on the car can be continued on race day, but the car has to start from the pit-stop area. An exception may be granted to a damaged car.
  • Cars are allowed to use the energy-recovery system to supplement their car engine output and improve fuel efficiency.
  • During the race, each team must at least enter pit-stop once. No restriction to whether change tire, do refuelling, do adjustments, change parts etc.
  • Drivers are allowed to race for position on matters that are reasonable. Reasonableness will be decided by a penal of 5 retired F1 drivers (including 1 former champion). They will decide the manoeuvre as being reasonable or not. (Voting is possible)
  • There will be a track proper for racing. Outside of the proper racing track will be bumpers, sands, gravels, wall, railings, water, mud etc. The purpose is to slow or damage the car when the car travels outside the race track, but will not endanger the driver or the spectators.
  • The driver will not be penalised for travelling on the outsides of the track. Since the consequence will be slowing down of the car or causes damage to the car. If the drivers and engineers had to figure out how to outsmart the side obstacles, F1 will need to improve the obstacles as fast as possible.
  • Each event week comprises 3 practice session, 1 qualifying session and 1 racing session. The team pit area will be opened to the public for 2 days. Teams must start setup by racing day-5.

Day 1 : setting up of pit area
Day 2 : open for public, morning. Afternoon, practice session
Day 3 : open for public, morning. Afternoon, practice session
Day 4 : close to public. morning practice, afternoon qualifying
Day 5 : close to public. race day. Pack up. Open to public.

  • Race drivers must attend at least 2 practice session.
  • Race drivers must at least appear 1 hour in one of the mornings that are open for public.
  • Current race leader has to appear on both mornings that are open for the public. At least 1 hour each day.
  • Each practice session is 4 hours of the unlimited run.
  • Qualifying is 2 hours of the unlimited run. Each team has only the fuel issued to use for both practice and qualifying.

Financial responsibility.
Engine supplier financial report and team operation financial report is to be separated.

Suggestions :

  • All engines supply cost must be within 50% of each other. Example, the most expensive engine cannot be more than 1.5x higher than the cheapest engine. Except for a new engine supplier, for the first 2 years, it is allowed to be 3x the highest cost engine.
  • Team operational cost is 2x cost of each other. Example, the highest operational cost of a team cannot be more than twice the operational cost of the lowest budget team.
  • All are based on last season operation cost.


  • Use last season average operation cost of all teams.
  • The budget for next season will be x1.25. Example, last season average operating cost for all teams is $200M. 200×1.25 = $250M. This is the operating cost limit for next season.
  • The same formula applies for engine cost.
  • If any team exceed the limit. For every $ extra, the same amount of $ will go to F1 team fund. The money will be divided into the last 5 performance teams at the end of the season.

To implement these changes. There will be 1 year where the old rules and new rules co-exist. Teams can experiment with the new rules anytime throughout the season. No penalty for the team to switch its car between old and new rules. Teams can experiment and feedback on the new rules. This is to allow finetuning of the rules.

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